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7 Best Solutions To Overcome Dry Skin, & To Have Smoother, Hydrated, and Radiant Looking Skin

What is Dry Skin?

Do you have dry, dull-looking, or rough feeling skin? Dry skin can cause scaliness, irritation, uncomfortable tightness, and even itchiness.
Among all skin concerns, perhaps the most commonly sought after improvement is skin hydration. This article helps to elucidate the causes of dry skin and clarify some myths. Meanwhile, simple solutions are discussed, and exciting advanced new products and treatment solutions are introduced.

What Causes Dry Skin?

  1. Inadequate micronutrient 
    Myth: Dry skin is caused only by external skin factors.In truth, numerous studies have shown internal factors can exacerbate skin dryness. Improper diet, vitamin E deficiency, and insufficient essential fatty acids can all worsen skin dryness and even itchiness.Solution 1: eliminate food allergens such as milk, eggs, and peanuts, consume more cold-water fish, and supplement with vitamin E and pure omega-3 oil. Prior to starting any food elimination or supplementation, work with your antiaging medical specialist physician to obtain food allergy, food immunology and/or micronutrient testing to guide your individual and customized tailored therapy.
  2. Excessive UV light
    Prolonged and intensive ultraviolet light can cause sun sunburn in the short term and photodamage in the long run. Excessive sunlight can reduce the strength of the stratum corneum, the outermost layer of the skin and accelerates water loss, leading to cellular dehydration.Solution 2: Use your broad-spectrum sunblock every four to six hours, rain or shine, to help protect your skin.
  3. Too aggressive cleansers and soaps
    Aggressive cleansers, soaps, or physical cleaning or abrasions often excessively remove the natural oil found in the skin. Overtime, the skin become devoid of its natural lipids and becomes weakened, leading to further dehydration.Solution 3: Use gentle, non-irritating cleansers or soap to help retain the natural cellular lipids.
  4. Dry weather and winter.
    Many people notice that when they travel from more humid places to dryer places, their skin becomes rough and dry. It is easy to understand that dry weather can easily evaporate skin water more easily. In the same way, the low humidity during the winter causes more water evaporation, leading to more skin dryness.Solution 4: Use a humidifier and set to 55% to improve ambient humidity.
  5. Inadequate desquamation
    Myth: Exfoliation causes dryness.One of the most common consumer misconceptions is that exfoliation causes dryness. In truth, the skin naturally exfoliates and this process completes in about four weeks. When exfoliation is inadequate, slow, or delayed, dead cells pile up, leading to more skin roughness and dryness. As such, controlled exfoliation actually hydrates the skin by removing these excessive cells and improve the water holding capacity of the skin.Solution 5: Use products which can gently exfoliate the skin and consider in-office peels. Start exfoliants and peels gradually and incrementally increase the frequency of application, dosage, and strength.

    Skin’s Natural Exfoliation Process
  6. Inadequate natural skin barrier
    Myth: Dry skin is caused just by not enough water on the skin and thus applying oily moisturizer product to prevent evaporation is adequate.In reality, optimally functioning skin has not only adequate water but also other balanced water soluble and lipid soluble components. The outermost skin layer has a natural skin barrier which is composed of numerous lipid and water based mositurizing factors. The lipids are naturally balanced components of ceramides, cholesterool, fatty acids, triglycerdies, phospholipids, glycosphingolipids, and linoleic acid. The water soluble components include water, hyaluronic avid, urea, glycerin, glycosaminoglycans, mucopolysaacharide, and sodium PCA(pyrrolidone carboxylic acid).Ideal topical moisturizers restore these natural moisturizing factors. The formulations should be hypoallergenic, non-acne flaring, gentle and elegant to use and yet effective in multiple actives in high concentration to perform hydration on multiple levels simultaneously to include the following:

    • Occlusives: to decrease water loss with ingredients such as silicone derivatives
    • Humefactants: to draw water into the cells with ingredients such as glycerin, hyaluronic acid, panthenol B5, sodium PCA, and lactic acid
    • Emollients: to seal the crevices between cells with ingredients such as silicone derivatives.
    • Skin repair agents: to rebuild natural barrier with ingredients such as ceramides, cholesterol, fatty acids, sphingolipids, and linoleic acid.
    • Gentle exfoliants: to remove excess dead cells buildup and promote healthier cell turnover with ingredients such as niacinmaide, hydroxyacids and vitamin A derivatives.
    • Daytime UV light protectants: to protect the skin integrity with ingredients such as physical sunblocks, DNA repairing enzymes.
    • Night time repair: to reduce daytime inflammation with anti-inflammatories such as ethoxybenzaldehyde, purified feverfew, oat extract, allantoin, decarboxycarnosine, ergothioneine, n-palmitoyethanolamide, L-cysteine.

    Solution 6:
    For selection of moisturizers, select medical, clinical grade high potency hypoallergenic moisturizes which occludes, draws waters, seals, repairs, and gently exfoliates skin all at the same time.
    For dryness for oily skin, consider MDSunTM Soothener and Super B. For dryness for aging skin, consider Repair Moisturizer for daytime and Intensive Moisturizer for night time use.

  7. Inadequate penetration of products into skin
    Molecules much larger than 500 daltons are much more difficult to be penetrated into the skin. As such, multiple penetration enhancement techniques have been created to enhance the penetration of skin actives.The following are state-of-the-art chemical or physical penetration enhancement techniques:

    • Topical Penetration enhancement
      The use of special vehicle to deliver active ingredients to skin has significantly improved the absorption of skin actives agents. These delivery vehicles include special technology such as liposome, nanoparticles, and even microspheres. Clinical grade mask, especially heated, also enhanced penetration as well.
    • Invasive Physical Penetration Enhancement
      • Microneedle: Microneedle produces numerous micropunctures using microneedles, passively allowing skin actives to be asbsorbed into the skin. An excellent example is Roller TherapySM
      • Fractionating laser: This type of laser also produces numerous micropunctures using light energy, also passively allowing skin actives to be absorbed into the skin.
      • Micro-injection: Micro-injection uses multiple microneedle to inject skin actives into the skin, actively and significantly improves the absorption and thus the effects of moisturization. Numerous skin actives can be given, including many of the natural moisturizing factors such as hyaluronic acid and panthenol. Available at the Advanced Aesthetics Center, Vacuum Bleaching Injection, a specialized treatment using vaccum assisted micro-injection, is comfortable and effective form of infusion.
    • Noninvasive Physical penetration enhancement 
      • Peels: As previously discussed, controlled exfoliation actually hydrate skin. At the Advanced Aesthetics Center, an novel chemical peel called HydroPeelSM , a special proprietary peel, restores skin hydration and smoothness within ten days.
      • Microdermabrasion: This technique removes dead skin and allows skin actives to be absorbed better. The physical act of microdermabrasion, however, actually leaves the skin temporarily drier.
      • Ultrasound sonophoresis or electroporation: via electrical or sound stimulation, skin product components can be driven more easily into the skin. An example is MesoFacial SM.
    • Combination Chemical and Physical Penetration Enhancement
      Combining both hydrating peels and micro-injection probably has the best effects. Via micro-injection, the skin moisturizing factors can be actively infused and highly absorbed into the skin, thereby maximizing the humefactants effects. On the other hand, hydrating peels optimizes desquamation, rebuilts skin integrity, and further strengthens water binding capacity of the skin.A highly advanced anti-aging treatment called HydroBriteSM combines such Vacuum Bleaching Injection with HydraPeel to effectively infuse skin moisturization agents and enhance skin water binding capacity at the same time. Within one week, the skin can feel smoother and much more hydrated.Solution 7: With the guidance of your facial medical specialist, use clinical grade products with specialized delivery vehicle and consider specialized mask for better absorption.Then consider an in-office treatments with hydrating peels, microneedle, sonophoress or electropration, micro-injection, or combination techniques for best skin moisturization treatment.

      So there you have it. Seven solutions to optimize your skin hydration.

      Choose an experienced facial plastic or dermatologist physician specializing on the face. Have your doctor guide you for the best and most appropriate skin products and treatments for your skin needs.

      Select clinical grade hypoallergenic products with highly concentrated multiple skin actives and progressively apply these products.

      And finally, consider an in-office treatments with hydrating peels, microneedle, sonophoress or electropration, micro-injection, or combination techinque for best skin moisturization treatment.

      Look and Feel Your Best!! 
      Dr. George Sun